Ze současného geopolitického vývoje je zřejmé, že se nacházíme na prahu významné změny a přechodu k jinému typu energetických systémů, které budou zahrnovat větší množství obnovitelných zdrojů. Tato tranzice je zásadní pro energetickou bezpečnost i řešení probíhající klimatické krize. Přinášíme policy briefing, který vznikl jako výstup z odborné konference Udržitelně a dostupně: energetická bezpečnost v čase transformace, která se uskutečnila 22. listopadu 2022 v Senátu Parlamentu České republiky pod záštitou místopředsedkyně Senátu Parlamentu ČR Jitky Seitlové.
Systém obchodování s emisními povolenkami EU ETS je jedním z hlavních stavebních kamenů evropské klimatické politiky. V teoretické rovině má hned dvě výhody: kromě toho, že zpoplatnění uhlíku motivuje znečišťovatele dekarbonizovat své provozy, vytváří také výnosy, které členské státy následně mohou reinvestovat zpět do ekonomiky a podpořit tak její nízkouhlíkovou transformaci. V realitě ovšem není plně využíván potenciál ani jedné z nich. Přečtěte si náš policy briefing včetně doporučení, jak efektivně využít výnosy z emisního obchodování.
Chceme-li vyřešit klimatickou krizi a zpomalit tempo globálního oteplování, je zásadní snížení emisí metanu způsobených lidskou činností nejvyšší prioritou. Metan je více než osmdesátkrát silnější skleníkový plyn než oxid uhličitý (CO2) po dobu 20 let poté, co se dostane do atmosféry. Čas je zásadní a my musíme jednat hned. Návrh nařízení Evropské komise o metanu, který je v současné době projednáván na úrovni EU, musí být odvážným nástrojem ke snížení emisí metanu v celém dodavatelském řetězci. Přinášíme factsheet s přehledem zásadních opatření.
This briefing gives insights into the Modernisation Fund, a funding program to support 10 lower-income EU Member States in their transition to climate neutrality by modernizing their energy systems and improving energy efficiency. It provides an overview of how the four largest beneficiary countries of the Modernisation Fund (the Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, and Slovakia) set up different legal and institutional structures to organize their governance of the funding.
Energy poverty is a broad socio-economic problem - it is a cocktail of several deficiencies in social and energy policy, which has recently been compounded by external factors. Wise social policy can bring a better quality of life by fighting energy poverty, but also reduce air pollution. Avoiding waste of energy, eliminating dependence on fossil fuels, and strengthening clean modern energy sources are solutions that target both problems at the same time. Read our new briefing.
Citizens and businesses are struggling to pay their bills due to the extremely high energy prices. At the same time, the EU has proposed extending the EU ETS to private sectors for the first time. The policy briefing argues how to set up the Social Climate Fund so it is fair and effective.
The Centre for Transport and Energy and EUROPEUM Institute for European Policy organized a second roundtable, this time focusing on ETS2 and Social Climate Fund with the title Decarbonisation as a cure for energy poverty: What next for the Social Climate Fund. This publication summarises the outcomes of the discussion.
The Layman´s Report brings a summary of The Unify project that started from the conviction that by developing ambitious NECPs and nLTS Member States can accelerate the transition towards a low-carbon and resilient economy in Europe and push the Union not only to meet its emissions reduction targets, but go beyond them, thereby bringing the EU-wide emission reduction trajectory closer to Paris Agreement commitments.
The LIFE Unify consortium has monitored the drafting and early implementation of NECPs for the last three years and in this final report concludes that, in their current form and with their current overall level of ambition, NECPs developed by the EU Member States between 2018 and 2019 are dramatically unfit for purpose. This LIFE Unify report provides key recommendations for successful NECP revision.
This briefing highlights the lack of public scrutiny over export credit agencies (ECAs) in central and eastern Europe. The need for transparency has long been the basis for civil society requests to revise EU Regulation 1233/2011, which have been communicated to the European Commission and the European Parliament. Gaining access to information about ECAs’ portfolios seems to be impossible in practice.
The European Commission adopted its partnership agreement with the Czech Republic on 24 May, worth €21.4 billion. The Czech Republic can invest in forward-looking sectors to reach the climate targets and divert from Russian fossil fuels. Read our assessment of the latest draft operational programmes to find out how the Czech Republic can improve its future investments.
Climate mainstreaming is becoming an important part of the European budget. The Multiannual Financial Framework for the years 2014 to 2020 anticipated 20% of the funds to be spent on climate action. The conclusions of the analysis are unfavourable for the Czech Republic and the European Commission alike. Proper monitoring of whether the funds are being used in compliance with the climate targets is lacking. In practice, this means that the financing supports projects which contradict EU’s climate commitments.
Studie se věnuje problematice komunitní energetiky v České republice s důrazem na stanovení hodnot technického a ekonomického potenciálu vybraných obnovitelných zdrojů a opatření vhodných k řízení toků elektřiny. Zaměření této studie, včetně detailu zpracování, představuje nejen v českém prostředí, ale také v okolních zemích unikát.
The detailed report provides recommendations on how to strengthen and improve the revised regulation based on the experiences collected at the national level by the LIFE Unify project consortium partners. The report conducts a detailed assessment of policies and measures adopted in ESR sectors in 8 EU countries–Croatia, Czechia, Estonia, Germany, France, Poland, Slovenia, and Spain– focusing specifically on effective measures and best practices.
Metan je hlavní složkou zemního (fosilního) plynu a po oxidu uhličitém je v EU druhým nejvíce dominantním skleníkovým plynem. Ačkoliv je v atmosféře zastoupen v menší míře než oxid uhličitý, způsobuje v porovnání se stejným množstvím CO2 větší oteplení. V briefingu Šimona Batíka přinášíme přehledně zpracovanou grafiku, která shrnuje problematiku emisí metanu v energetice, popisujeme zdroje úniku, efektivní řešení i doporučení pro evropskou legislativu.
This briefing takes stock of the experience acquired by LIFE Unify partners working at the local level on Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans, or SECAPs. It summarises main findings and trends identified in five EU Member States—Czechia, France, Poland, Slovenia, and Spain—over a period of two years (2019-2021). It suggests some ways forward to accelerate local climate action, including: increased institutional support to municipalities; more involvement of all political parties as well as increased public participation; adequate and consistent funding through established financial instruments.
The Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) is intended to finance reforms and investments in Member States to rebound from the pandemic and pursue a green transition. This report analyses ten final recovery plans based on the assessments of Bankwatch and CAN Europe member organisations. For each country analysis, key investments and reforms in the national recovery plan are assessed from a climate action perspective and the ‘do no significant harm’ principle. Each country section includes recommendations addressed to the Member State and the European Commission.
How to deliver just transformation of coal region is a problem we face in the Czech Republic nowadays. A number of regions around the world have gone through the process, and it would be unwise not to learn from their successes and mistakes. In this text, we visit Greece, Spain, Germany, Finland, and other countries where we believe they successfully face the specific challenges of energy, economic and social transformation.
The Re-set´s publication Fossil Gas: the bridge to climate collapse. Why we must stop the transition from coal to gas and redirect money to real solutions points out the significant contribution of fossil gas to the climate crisis and offers solutions in the form of reduced consumption, renewables, and democratization of the energy sector. Šimon Batík, our colleague from Centre for Transport and Energy is one of the authors of the publication.
This newly updated briefing consists of four sections. The first provides an overview of the general TJTP progress in seven CEE countries. The second section details the various levels of adherence to the European Union's partnership principle. The third focuses on the compatibility of the different TJTPs with the Commission's recently published Staff Working Document on the Just Transition Plans. The fourth section provides our recommendations.
Without long tradition in the Czech Republic, participation is still a crucial part of democracy. It engages the public in the decision-making process with full consideration of public income. Local citizens, businesses, and organizations that are directly affected by coal phase-out are the key to successful transformation. Just Transformation and Participation briefing explains the significant role of participation and how to engage the public in the transformation of coal regions while providing examples of good practices from abroad.
The aim of Fit for 55 package launched by the European Commission is to reduce EU´s emissions by 55% by 2030 compared to 1990. In this paper from Kateřina Davidová we bring the CDE's position on selected climate and energy issues. The paper is in Czech language only.
This publication is a short summary of the basic data for the countries that have so far produced their National Climate and Energy Plans.
The NECP Tracker, an analytical tool we co-developed, shows how selected EU Member States are or are not meeting their own climate plans. In addition to the Czech Republic, it includes data for Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia and Spain.
The international workshop Cultivating Just Transition in Central and Eastern Europe, held online on May 2021, brought together iniciatives from the region and made space to share their stories of just transition.
We bring a paper with the key messages of these stories together with recommendations for policy makers and NGOs on how to make the just transition a reality.
In this July 2021 edition of the briefing, we continue to focus on the elaboration of the TJTPs in seven
central and eastern European countries: Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Poland,
Romania and Slovakia. The briefing analyses the current status of the TJTPs on two key issues: their
alignment with the EU’s partnership principle, which requires stakeholder participation in all stages
of the planning and distribution of EU funds, and their commitments on decarbonisation and energy
transformation. The briefing also provides recommendations for how the European Commission and
national governments can improve the process in the upcoming months, as TJTPs are finalised.
The NECP Tracker tool reveals data to monitor the implementation of 10 Member States’ current NECPs. The tool covers Croatia, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia and Spain, and it looks into greenhouse gas emission reduction pathways, sectoral emission reduction indicators and some energy transition indicators for these countries.
Which concrete steps can Czech municipalities take to protect the climate and where exactly can they get the money for them?
This is the subject of Tomáš Jungwirth's new publication Engaging Cities in Climate Solutions, published by the Centre for Transport and Energy together with the Climate Coalition. (Czech only)
On 4 December 2020, the Coal Commission issued an unsubstantiated and factually unclear recommendation to Czech coal phase-out in the energy sector. The possibility of the end of coal in 2033 was documented by the Commission, but the majority voted for the year 2038, which is economically unrealistic and will not ensure an adequate share of the Czech Republic in achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement. Moreover, with the new European target to reduce the greenhouse gas emission reduction target by 55 % by 2030 - which came a week after the Commission resolution was adopted - the basic assumptions used to model the coal phase-out scenarios are no longer valid. Czech only document.
Several countries still need to support the European Commission's proposed 2030 climate target of at least 55%, which already has the support of a large majority of EU Member States. Some of the countries that still did not support the new emission target have stressed the need to better understand how increased climate ambition will affect individual members. The main objective of this briefing is to highlight the benefits of higher EU climate ambition and to show that the EU's target of at least 55% emissions reductions is desirable, beneficial, and feasible.
Jana Maussen's presentation from the multi-stakeholder online workshop Making climate action happen (4th Dec 2020).
Jana Maussen's presentation from the networking event for EUKI beneficiaries (3rd Dec 2020, Czech only).
This report, based on direct, first-hand experience from Bankwatch member groups, analyses whether the RRPs being drafted in eight CEE countries are aligned with the European Green Deal objectives according to two indicators: Are citizens and stakeholders sufficiently involved in the drafting of these spending plans? Do the measures currently contained in the spending plans reflect and align with the 2030 targets?
Summary for policymakers: An energy pathway towards 2030 coal phase-out in Czechia. EMBER modeled a pathway to a coal-free Czechia by 2030. Using the hourly power system modelling the study shows how coal can be replaced in power and large-scale heat generation. The objective was to investigate the scale and feasibility of changes necessary to achieve a 2030 coal phase-out. The study was published in order to present the evidence mainly to the the Czech coal commission.
The age of coal in Europe is coming to its end. The decision of Germany, the second largest coal country in the EU, to exit coal is part of this trend and sends an important signal globally. However, while the German coal phase-out provides German coal regions with support to move beyond coal, it also has many weaknesses that other countries seeking to chart their path out of coal should be careful not to replicate. These nine lessons from the German experience can therefore serve as benchmarks for just and timely coal phase- out processes elsewhere.
In view of the in depth analysis of the Commission on NECPs, in this briefing document, Climate Action Network (CAN) Europe and ZERO – Association for the Sustainability of the Earth System – reiterate their recommendations from the report “PAVE THE WAY FOR INCREASED CLIMATE AMBITION: Opportunities and Gaps in the final National Energy and Climate Plans” in order to describe how the NECPs can contribute to implementing higher climate and energy targets in the EU. This briefing paper also adds on the country assessments of the report previously published by CAN Europe and ZERO, and includes opportunities and gaps for the final Bulgarian, German and Irish NECPs.
The aim of this document is to evaluate the fulfillment of measures provided in the Climate Protection Policy of the Czech Republic (POK, 2017) - a strategic document which was also notified to the European Commission as a national Long-Term Climate Strategy.
A guide to making EU climate funds work for the people - created by CEE Bankwatch Network.
A condition to access the Just Transition Fund is the creation of territorial just transition plans (TJTPs). According to the Fund’s proposal, the purpose of these plans will be to ‘provide an outline of the transition process until 2030, consistent with the National Energy and Climate Plans and the transition to a climate-neutral economy and identify subsequently the most impacted territories that should be supported’. This paper outlines recommendations for the content of each section in the TJTP in order to help countries produce meaningful plans which will ensure that the solutions envisaged for regions are sustainable and fair.
CDE contribution: Zuzana Vondrová
This report highlights investments and measures as listed in NECPs. It proposes new measure which have a great potential to boost climate ambition and a green recovery, and should receive EU and recovery funding as a priority. At the same time, it points out the harmful investments which should not be supported by EU funds in order to avoid a high-emission lock-in and to prevent biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation.
Zuzana Vondrová wrote a policy paper on the newly emerging Just Transition Fund for the upcoming discussion of the Prague Climate Talks series. The online debate was organized on 16th June by the Institute for European Policy EUROPEUM in cooperation with the Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung Prague, the Eurocentre Ústí nad Labem and the Eurocentre Karlovy Vary under the auspices of the UN Czech Republic.
Kateřina Davidová and Tomáš Jungwirth contributed to the CAN Europe report on the final form of Climate and Energy Plans of EU member states. You can find out how ambitiously the governments of individual countries approach topics such as coal diversion, energy efficiency or renewables in the attached document.
We contributed to the CAN Europe report on the under-utilization of the potential of European funds to support energy transformation.
Local communities are at the forefront of the just transition of coal regions. The CEE Bankwatch Network publication tells the stories of the "heroes" of just transition from Poland, Romania, Bulgaria, Slovakia, Hungary and the Czech Republic.